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  • Being in the ketogenic state increases your body’s ability to utilise fat as its main fuel source and therefore reduce your body’s fat stores, particularly visceral fat (fat stored around the midriff).
  • The presence of ketone bodies has a positive effect suppressing appetite.
  • Ketones release as a result of rapid fat burning. When ketone bodies are not required they are simply excreted through urine as a waste product meaning no excess energy is stored increasing body weight.
  • When carbohydrates are not used they are converted to fat and stored. A ketogenic diet significantly reduces carbohydrates from the diet ensuring that no excess calories are stored within the body.

  • • Being in a ketogenic state may have a sparing effect on protein. As the brain becomes more adept and familiar with using ketones as an energy source, muscle protein breakdown reduces resulting in a preservation of lean body mass.
  • Following a ketogenic diet can lead to weight loss and as a result have a positive effect on risk factors associated with being overweight or obese such as cardiovascular disease, high cholesterol levels, increase blood pressure and type 2 diabetes.

  • In the early stages, fatigue is common. This occurs as you adapt to the reduced intake of carbohydrate and your body shifts from carb burning to fat burning.
  • Your body breaks down its stored glucose leading to the release of a lot of water, and your kidneys will remove this excess water. As a result, dehydration can be common. You should compensate for this by increasing your water intake.

  • As ketone levels increase in your body some convert to a chemical called acetone, leading to a metallic taste in your mouth. Sugar-free chewing gum can help alleviate any unpleasant tastes.
  • Some people on a ketogenic diet may also have experienced some initial hair loss. There is no conclusive evidence however, that ketogenic diets lead to hair loss. Hair loss may occur as a result of numerous factors, including stress or a reduced uptake of iron.